A Fitting/Fittings is used in pipe systems to connect straight pipe to adjust to various sizes and shapes and for other needs such as regulating fluid flow. Piping is frequently used to explain the high-performance (high-pressure, high-flow, high-temperature) conveyance of fluids in specialized applications. Fittings (Various types) equire money, time, materials and tools to install, and are an important part of piping systems. Valves are generally fittings, but are normally discussed separately.
Pipe fittings are mainly used in Plumbing, basically connecting plumbing pipes, it can be of various orientations or shapes such as ELBOWS of various degrees 45, 90 , T depending on the application it is used. It could be made of Cooper steel, iron, PVC again depending on applications.
A Pipe Fittings can be of different types. Some of them are:
The Elbow is set in place between two lengths of pipe to permit a change in direction, normally 900 and 450 angle. 22.50 elbows are also accessible. Elbows are classified by design. The radius of the long-radius elbow is 1.5 times the pipe diameter.In the short-radius elbow the radius equals to the pipe diameter. The various angles in elbows like Ninety, Sixty, forty Five-degree are also available.
The unions are similar to the coupling that allows the convenient separation of pipes for continuity.The union allows easy attachment and separation. It consists of three parts:
2.The female end.
3.The male end.
When the female and male ends are joined, the nut seals the joint.
The tee which is the most general/normal pipe fitting, is used to combine/attach or divide/separate the fluid flow. It is obtainable/accessible with female thread sockets, solvent-weld sockets and a female-threaded side outlet. Tees can attach pipes of various diameters or it can change the direction of the pipe run. Tees are available in a variety of materials, sizes, finishes. Tees are used to transfer two-fluid mixtures. The Sizes of the Tees may be equal or not equal. The Most common Tees are of the Equal ones.
The Applications of Pipe Fittings
1. It can be used in chemical reactors.
2. It can be used in Nuclear reactors.
3. It can be used in Shipbuilding.
4. In Workshops.
5. In Factory Sheds.
6. In Poultry Sheds.
7. In Warehouses.
8. In Commercial Buildings.
9. In Multi Storied Buildings.
The Advantages of Pipe Fittings
1. It is of Hydraulic characteristic.
2. It act as a good Sealing.
3. It has good Service life and corrosion resistance.
4. It can be easily to use in the Laying and construction.
5. Re-usability feature.
6. Extremely durable.
7. It requires only little maintenance throughout the life.